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Gravediggers or Izdajne are the organized supporters group of the Serbian football club Partizan Belgrade. They are one of two major football fan groups in Serbia.

They generally support all clubs within the Partizan multi-sports cluband mostly wear black and white symbols, which are the club’s colors. Today, Grobari consist of three main groups: First groups of organized Partizan fan supporters began to visit the JNA stadium in the late s.

Those were mainly young men from Stapmano, and they occupied southern stands of the stadium. In those times, support was expressed by loud singing as well as polling of referees and opposite team’s players.

Partizan’s participation in the European Cup final in attracted much more fans to the stadium, and is considered to be the crucial moment of the organized fans moving to a south stand of the stadium where they are gathering up blc this day. Steady group by the Grobari name was formed in By the s, Grobari were one of the largest and most organized fan groups in SFR Yugoslavia and began out-marching to all of Partizan’s matches across the country and Europe.

Because of their expressed hooliganism toward other club’s supporters in those times, fans who represented the core of the Grobari firm were often referred to as stampaano “punishment expedition”.

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InGrobari in Toronto formed a group under the name of Gravediggers Canada Grobari were actually accused of manipulating with the money given by the club for organizing fan support.

The split lasted for a few years untilwhen the fans settled their differences. In the s, the unique, yet unofficial mascot of mostly all Grobari fan groups was an angry looking bulldogbut in the last few years it has been a sexton standing next to his shovel. On this occasion, they also reminded the public of some previous club officials’ machinations. They demanded club management resignations as a condition for getting back to the stadium stands.

Grobari repeated the massive gathering and reiterated their demands in October in front of the national theatre in downtown Belgrade where Partizan’s officials were celebrating the club’s 60th anniversary. Although these matches used to gather up tens of thousands and even more fans to the stadiums, the infamous record was established this season when there was only a few thousand spectators on the Partizan stadiumsince the rival fans also agreed to boycott the derby but for other reasons.

After certain changes in the club board, Grobari decided to stop boycotting. On May 26, they returned to the stadium for a Superliga match against Mladost Apatin which Partizan wonhowever they kept on singing insulting songs about Partizan’s sports director and general secretary. Grobari traveled in numbers to Mostar where they fought with the police and also Zrinjski fans.

Partizan won the tie 11—1 on aggregate. In late August, another split among Grobari occurred. A faction of fans calling themselves Zabranjeni The Forbidden accused the club board of denying them entrance to the stadium. They attend the games of other teams from Partizan multi-sports clubsuch as ice hockey [4] or women’s basketball [5] teams.

In they started attending Partizan football games on the east stand. Ultras — Ultras are a type of football fan renowned for ultra-fanatical support, occasionally to the point of violence and hateful chants and slogans. They are predominantly followers of association football teams, the use of elaborate displays in stadiums often is common, as well. In some instances, this goes to the point where the passionate, in recent decades, the culture has become a focal point for the movement against the commercialisation of sports and football in particular.

Inthe Associated Press stated that the Egyptian Ultras network was one of the most organized movements in Egypt after the Muslim Brotherhood. The origin of the movement is disputed, with many supporters groups from various countries making claims solely on the basis of their dates of foundation.

The level of dispute and confusion is aided by a tendency to categorize all groups of overtly fanatical supporters as ultras. Supporters groups of a nature comparable to the ultras have been present in Brazil sinceinspired by the torcidas and the colourful scenes of the World Cup, supporters of Hajduk Split formed Torcida Split on 28 October The group is cited as the oldest torcida style group in Europe.


One country closely associated with the movement is Italy. The first Italian ultras groups were formed inincluding the Fedelissimi Granata of Torino, the term Ultras was used as a name for the first time in when supporters of Sampdoria formed the Ultras Tito Cucchiaroni and fans of Torino formed the Ultras Granata.

The decade also saw the violence and unrest of Italian society at the overlap with the ultras movement. The ultras movement spread across Europe during the s, s and s, germany, Belgium and the Netherlands, three countries whose footballing cultures were more influenced by British football in the past, experienced significant change.

The clubs in Egypt became a political force during the uprising against Mubarak in Ultras groups are usually centred on a group of founders or leaders, with smaller subgroups organized by location. Ultras tend to use various styles and sizes of banners and flags bearing the name, some ultras groups sell their own merchandise to raise funds for performing displays.

An ultras group can number from a handful of fans to hundreds or thousands, Ultras groups often have a representative who liaises with the club owners on a regular basis, mostly regarding tickets, seat allocations and storage facilities.

Some clubs provide groups with cheaper tickets, storage rooms for flags and banners and these types of favoured relationships are often criticized when ultras groups abuse their power. It forms a part of the Partizan multi-sport club. Partizan was founded by high officers of the Yugoslav Peoples Army in in Belgrade. The club has a rivalry with Red Star Belgrade. Matches between these two clubs are known as the derby and rate as one of the greatest cross-town clashes in the world.

In Septemberthe British newspaper Daily Mail ranked the Red Star—Partizan derby fourth among the ten greatest football rivalries of all time, FK Partizan is the second-most popular football club in Serbia.

The club is very popular in Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Partizan also have supporters in all the other former-Yugoslav republics. Partizan youth academy is one of the most renowned and export oriented in Europe, CIES Football Observatory report of November ranks Partizan Belgrade at the top place of training clubs out of the 31 European leagues surveyed. The club was formed and initially managed by the group of young officers of the Yugoslav Peoples Army.

Florijan Matekalo entered the books as the first goal scorer in the history of Partizan. Just three weeks later, Partizan went on the first of many tours, travelling to Czechoslovakia where they beat the selection of Slovak Army with 3—1. At the time, just months after the World War II in Yugoslavia ended, no organized football competition was yet restored, so Partizan played only friendly games and tournaments both home and abroad. The second championship title was won in —49 season, Partizan played its home games on the old BSK stadium untilwhen its own stadium was built on the same site and named JNA Stadium.

Belgrade — Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers and its name translates to White city. The urban area of the City of Belgrade has a population of 1.

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In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region, and after BC Celts conquered the city and it was conquered by the Romans during the reign of Augustus, and awarded city rights in the mid-2nd century. InBelgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo and it frequently passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars.

Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia innorthern Belgrade remained idanje southernmost Habsburg post untilwhen the stamlano was reunited. As a strategic location, the city was battled over in wars, Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia from its creation into its final dissolution in Belgrade has an administrative status within Serbia and it is one of five statistical regions of Serbia.

Its metropolitan territory is divided iadanje 17 municipalities, each with its own local council, City of Belgrade covers 3. It sfampano classified as a Beta- global city, chipped stone tools found at Zemun show that the area around Belgrade was inhabited by nomadic foragers in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic eras.

Some of these belong to the Mousterian industry, which are associated with Neanderthals rather than modern humans. Aurignacian and Gravettian tools have also discovered there, indicating occupation between 50, and 20, years ago. Evidence of early knowledge about Belgrades geographical location comes from ancient myths, the rock overlooking the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers has been identified as one of the place in the story of Jason and the Argonauts.


In 34—33 BC the Roman army led by Silanus reached Belgrade, jovian reestablished Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire, ending the brief revival of traditional Roman religions under his predecessor Julian the Apostate. Serbia — Serbia, officially the Republic of Serbia, is a sovereign state situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans.

Relative to its territory, it is a diverse country distinguished by a transitional character, situated along cultural, geographic, climatic. Serbia numbers around 7 million residents, and its capital, Belgrade, following the Slavic migrations to the Balkans from the 6th century onwards, Serbs established several states in the early Middle Ages. The Serbian Kingdom obtained recognition by Rome and the Byzantine Empire inin the early 19th century, the Serbian Revolution established the nation-state as the regions first constitutional monarchy, which subsequently expanded its territory.

During the breakup of Yugoslavia, Serbia formed a union with Montenegro which dissolved peacefully inin the parliament of the province of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence, with mixed responses from the international community.

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An EU membership candidate sinceSerbia has been negotiating its EU accession since Januarythe country is acceding to the WTO and is a militarily neutral state.

Serbia is an income economy with dominant service sector, followed by the industrial sector. The country covers a total of 88, km2, which places it at th place in the world, with Kosovo excluded, the area is 77, km2.

Its total border length amounts to 2, km, all of Kosovos border with Albania, Macedonia and Montenegro are under control of the Kosovo border police. The Pannonian Plain covers the third of the country while the easternmost tip of Serbia extends into the Wallachian Plain. Mountains dominate the third of Serbia.

Dinaric Alps stretch in the west and the southwest, following the flow of the rivers Drina, the Carpathian Mountains and Balkan Mountains stretch in a north—south direction in eastern Serbia. Partizan Stadium — The Partizan Stadium is a football and track-and-field stadium in Autokomanda, municipality of Savski Venac, Belgrade, Serbia, which has a seating capacity of 32, Even today, the majority of fans in all countries of the former SFR Yugoslavia call it by its old name.

Partizan fans, the Grobari, call it also Fudbalski hram, the stadium has four stands, the south, north, west and east. Before conversion to a stadium, izdanjs ground had a capacity of 50, people.

There were plans to replace the current stadium with a new one, Swiss companies Mob Lab and Marazzi-Paul presented a project of a 38, seated stadium with commercial contents. The construction was supposed to start in izdanme it was postponed, construction of the stadium was started after World War II, on the site of BSK Stadion, which was a 25, seat stadium that hosted the Yugoslav national team as well as BSK Beograd.

The lzdanje was built with the help of the Yugoslav Peoples Army, although the stadium was not completely finished, the first match was Yugoslavia against France on 9 Octoberwhich ended 1—1.

Blic stampano izdanje republika srpska

Participants carried a baton with a message to President Josip Broz Tito. The Relay of Youth was a relay race which started in Titos birth town Kumrovec and went through all major towns and cities of the country. On 1 Aprilthe received its first electronic scoreboard.

First time it was used on izdahje match between Partizan and Vardar Skoplje on 30 Novemberthe stadium was a site of the 7th European Athletics Championship which was held from 12 to 16 September In AprilPartizan Belgrade purchased the stadium from the former Yugoslav Peoples Army, the name of the stadium were officially changed in Partizan Stadium.

Partizan stadium uzdanje a 50, capacity before the new UEFA security regulations came in effect, there were seats, standing places and box seats. It was renovated inand has had a capacity of 32, since, on SeptemberPartizan stadium was reorganized in a few places for the UEFA Champions League. Greece — Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, historically also known as Hellas, is a country in southeastern Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of Athens is the capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.