The Jominy end-quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth. Jominy Test and Hardness Depth. Thanks to Walter Jominy (the Chief Metallurgist of Chrysler Corporation sometime before the war), there is a simple but. The Jominy end quench test is used to measure the hardenability of a steel, which is a measure of the capacity of the steel to harden in depth under a given set.

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Jominy served as president of ASM in The indentor is either a conical diamond pyramid, or a hardened steel ball.

What you might find is shown to the right of the test set-up. The simulation ignores the effect of heat loss from the sides of the specimen, i.

It is more common to control hardenability with other elements, and to use carbon levels of less than 0. Slower cooling rates occur at the core of larger components, compared to the faster cooling rate at the surface. This requires the addition of “gettering” elements such jomony aluminium and titanium to react preferentially with the oxygen and nitrogen in the steel.

The Jominy End Quench Test, ASTM A

Select the plot of hardness variation along the test specimen that best describes their behaviour. If the fluid is agitated cooling occurs even more quickly.

Ferrite and pearlite are formed where the cooling rate is joiny. The hardness is measured at intervals from the quenched end. This cools the specimen from one end, simulating the effect of quenching a larger steel component in water. The unit of hardenability is length.


The Jominy End Quench Test

The Jominy Test involves heating a test piece from the steel 25mm diameter and mm long to an austenitising temperature and quenching from one end with a controlled and standardised jet of water. The main alloying elements which affect hardenability are carbon, boron and a group of elements jomny Cr, Mn, Mo, Si and Ni. After quenching the hardness profile is measured at intervals from the quenched end after the surface has been ground back to remove any effects of decarburisation 0.

You do the experiments. However, the high-carbon steel is the hardest for the first few millimeters.

Boron can therefore only affect the hardenability of steels if it is in solution. Select the most appropriate steel to achieve the necessary levels of mechanical properties, residual stress and distortion in a tool for high speed milling of steel components. A heat treatment that causes steel to harden is so much more than the meer plunging of hot metal into a fluid that is often a liquid.

You have three steels. Boron is a very potent alloying element, typically requiring 0.

Jominy End Quench Test

The retardation is due to the need for redistribution of the alloying elements during the diffusional phase transformation from austenite to ferrite and pearlite.

A jet of water emerges from the cone at the bottom, to touch the lower end of the sample. Jominy end quench test can also be used to demonstrate the effects of microstructure and alloying variables on the hardenability of steels. What is shown is the relation of the hardness values you get throughout the material relative to the hardness you get at a certain distance from cooling only the end in the same medium is what is shown For example, if you can live with the hardness you get 2 cm from the end of a bar in a Jominy test red lineyour bar can gave a diameter of about 10 cm blue line and will have that hardness everywhere if you cool with maximal cooling rate liquid nitrogen, for example.


The depth from the quenched end, over which martensite is obtained, is then the measure of hardenability. The round specimen is then ground flat along its length to a depth of 0. James Marrow University of Cambridge Content development: Increasing the austenite grain size increases the hardenability of steels. These include alloying elements and grain size. Hardenability depends on the chemical composition of the steel and also be can affected by prior processing conditions, such as the austenitizing temperature.

The water jet is started and sprayed onto the bottom of the specimen jomijy the specimen is cool. Increasing the carbon content increases the hardness of steels up to about 0. This TLP considers the basic concepts of hardenability and the Jominy test.

However, the effect is too small be be commonly used for control of hardenability. This data can be presented using CCT C ontinuous C ooling T ransformation diagrams which are used to select steels to suit the component size and quenching media.

The hardness of the samples was measured as a function of the distance from the quenched end to demonstrate the different hardenability of the two steels. This describes the ability of the steel to be hardened in depth by quenching. The cold region has transformed from austenite to a mixture of martensite, ferrite and pearlite.