Kitei, Tekki Shodan, Tekki Nidan, Tekki Sandan, A-Nan-Ku. kitei · tekkishodan · tekkinidan · tekkisandan · Ananku. ; Sugiyama, Kitei, The roundhouse kick doesn’t appear in any katas (until you get to Master Nishiyama’s Kitei kata). Beginners should be encouraged to. jitte kata step 3, steps , steps , Johnson, Nathan, 50, Kim, Richard, 86, 88, 90 Kinjo, Sanda, 7 1 kitei kata, Kiyuna Peichin.
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Kata is a Japanese term meaning mold, model, style, shape, form, or data-type. A karate kata is a set number of basic techniques arranged in order. The closest relatives of the karate kata ktei shadow boxing, dancing, and a gymnastics floor routine. The karate player begins by standing at attention, bowing, and then by stepping with his left foot in some particular direction throwing karate techniques.
Some kata are performed solidly, others quickly with acrobatics, some are more graceful in nature, and others are performed very slowly with great muscle tension.
Each kata has a name, and the name is usually Okinawan. The kata have been handed down from teacher to student — some for more than years.
Kata – Karate Tradycyjne
A debate that has been raging for at least 30 years is whether or not the kata serve any real purpose. Most people who compete in karate competitions point out that kata are little more than performance art, and that the techniques enclosed within are, for the most part, not effective in competitive situations. The kata do not seem to be useful in aiding sparring ability. If this is true, how can the kata be useful? Kata have several purposes.
One purpose is allowing the karate player may move about practicing various fighting techniques, tactics, and strategies without having an opponent.
Kata training is good exercise. The kata also force the karate practitioner to practice techniques that may be outside of his regularly training regimen. The kata also act as a database or library of techniques.
Kata contain techniques that, while unrelated to modern competition sparring, are extremely effective. Kata serve as an alternative path of study from modern competition sparring. Kata are also very beautiful to watch, and allow the performer to feel as though they are able to preserve and present a thing of elegance coupled with danger. Karate kata make for great shadow boxing, and they are great exercise. When you are alone, and you wish to practice karate, it is pretty simple to choose one of the kata you know and simply repeat it 20 or 30 times to get in a good workout.
Kata contain between 20 and 70 techniques, so performing one 15 times or more usually requires quite a bit of time and energy. You can vary the workout in chunks depending up on the length of the kata you choose to practice, and you can personalize the intensity of your workout by performing the kata with varying degrees of power.
Kata are preprogrammed exercises specifically geared for individual or group practice. Practicing kata in a group can be a very satisfying experience as well. The database that the kata make up is very extensive. Not only does each individual kata store techniques for all of us to remember and practice, the various kata help to unravel the meaning of other kata.
They are all interlocking and explain each other. If you view kata as being slightly encrypted rather than straightforward, you find that you can frequently inspect the techniques of another kata to explain the one that you are puzzled by in the one you are currently working on.
The kata store a collected body of knowledge. The kata expose us to techniques and movements that may have never occurred to us, and the training of something new shocks us and helps us overcome training plateaus. Kata forces us to do something that was not our own creation. If we perform only actions that are comfortable for us, we learn nothing.
The kata prevent us from reinventing the wheel. How many of us would have thought of the jump in Unsu or the techniques in Jion without having to learn a kata? Applications found within the kata, whether of original intent or reverse engineered, are quite frequently more representative of self-defense than is competition sparring.
While kittei one would argue that competitive sparring does not enable one to defend himself, kata teach techniques such as neck katq, inverting elbows, and many other techniques that you cannot learn and practice while also trying to learn the rules of free sparring.
Kata provide an alternative to free sparring for self-defense, and show us how karate can be a useful and practical fighting system. The beauty of someone performing a kata well is difficult to describe. Is it an acquired taste, or is it something universal that anyone can appreciate? Those that aspire to be performance artists as well as able to defend themselves find all of these things in the kata.
A study of kata can be as shallow or as mata as the artist wishes. It is doubtful that a reputable Shotokan instructor will value your opinions about how best to learn to fight over his own opinions if you are a novice to karate.
Kata is firmly required for rank promotions in all Shotokan Karate organizations. As well it should be, since kata hold the more kitri defense combinations and also act as a sort of database of Shotokan Karate knowledge.
Also, since you must achieve a certain rank before you are allowed to learn to free spar, not learning kata would mean that you will never be allowed to participate in the more difficult sparring exercises because you will not be promoted to the higher ranks. Just as in any class, you must learn whatever is taught as a whole, then parse out what you wish to retain later on.
Asian cultures ,ata thousands-of-years-old traditions of arranging information into explanatory folk dances. This is something that was never adopted to a great extent in recent Western societies due to the simplicity of alphabets in the West. However, the Chinese system of writing is so complex, that to become literate was jata huge challenge of learning over 10, characters.
Asian languages kkata so much study for simply reading and writing that literacy rates were always very low. Therefore, oral traditions were probably used to store cultural information. There are a lot of kata out there.
They are listed in no particular order. As the karate enthusiast amasses hours and hours of training in karate, learning a new kata is less and less challenging for him. In a strange turn of irony, the typical karate enthusiast can learn the last 13 kata in the same amount of time that it took him to learn the 5 most basic kata — the Heian. However, most choose to specialize in only one or two different kata for a particular period of time.
The specialty kata that a practitioner chooses from any of the katq kata are called tokui kata. When you pull out your tokui kata and perform it, it is supposed to be a kata that you have particular skill with.
The other kata are considered shitei kata by the expert. Shitei kata are those compulsory kata ktaa must be learned, but are not favored by the expert as of particular interest. Shitei and tokui are usually used to indicate the requirements on examinations for rank certification.
The Shitei kata ,itei be those you are expected to understand and be able to perform on demand. The tokui section is comprised of your choice mitei a kata to perform.
Shotokan International – Kata Videos
All of the Shotokan Karate kata are from the Shuri-Tomari systems of karate. Shuri is a smallish city outside of Naha, the capital city of Okinawa located on the Western side of the island. Tomari is a small town between these two centers of karate development. When studying karate history from the perspective of Shotokan, these three cities are usually mentioned as the sources of modern Shotokan.
However, there are many other cities on Okinawa, and certainly they must have their own karate systems and kata also. This style is characterized by slow, tense movements in narrow stances with an emphasis on body conditioning and strengthening. The kata of this style are like the Shotokan kata Hangetsu. Hangetsu is taken from a kata called Seishan. Shotokan, as indicated by the type of kata practiced, is totally Shorin-Ryu based. The kata contained within their database are quite impressive and kutei, containing many interesting applications.
Some of the Goju-Ryu kata explain movements within the Shotokan Kata. By limiting ourselves to only our 26 chosen kata, we block ourselves forever from truly understanding our own kata.
Other nice kata that are out there for Shotokaners to find and add to their toolbox include Suparinpei, Seipai, Seisan, Seiunchin, Tensin, Tensho, Rohai, Ananku, Shiho Kushanku, Shiho Kushanku Sho, three or four more versions of Bassai, another version of Wankan, and many, many others.
Gankaku is the current version of the Okinawan kata Chinto that is practiced in Shotokan. Nishiyama Hidetaka has created a kata called Kitei which changes every 4 to 6 years for competition purposes. However, the supposed kata is really not a kata at all, but a prearranged display of basic techniques.
Originally all of the kata were practiced in Okinawa, traded, and exchanged with neighbors and friends. Because kata were developed before the advent of the automobile in Okinawa, most people were limited to their geographic location, and were unable to learn the kata practiced in another city.
So, kata developed along several different lines in different locations in Okinawa. Many of the kata apparently fell out of favor with Funakoshi, the founder of Shotokan, during the 20th Century. He lists as many as 30 different kata, some of which we no longer do today. Eventually, when Karate-do Kyohan by Funakoshi was published, there were only 15 official kata listed as necessary for advancement.
Most of Karate Associations requirements insist that all 26 kata of the Shotokan Canon be mastered for the rank of 4th dan. Anyone who knows even a single technique could possibly create a kata.
Western experts of Shotokan are particularly disinterested in any kata introduced by younger experts, non-Japanese, or people who study arts other than Shotokan Karate. In my experience, when a kata is thought to be thousands of years old, some less than practical techniques appear mysterious and hard to comprehend.
When the same kata is revealed as being only three days old, the same techniques suddenly are impractical and silly-looking. Ancient kata are good; new kata are bad. Some feel the person creating the kata should have extensive knowledge not only of punching and kicking as in pure Shotokan, but also should have in depth knowledge of some form of jujutsu or other joint-locking system, since the other kata were probably based on such knowledge. A kata created by a tournament competitor will probably lack the complexity and appeal of the older, jujutsu based movements of the original Okinawan creations.
When we learn something that someone else has created, we acquire some of their skills. When we do something that we create, it is not as useful for us. You probably will fail if you set out to design a kata that you cannot perform or that contains information that you do not have. Some people never learn all of the kata, while others learn them very rapidly without much difficulty. There are many factors involved.